World Anti-Drug Day
Reporting from https://www.popnonline.org/ Every June 26th is always celebrated as World Anti-Drug Day. To remind you what drugs really are or provide information for those who don’t know what drugs are, the following is an explanation.
Narkoba is an abbreviation of Narcotics, Psychotropics and other dangerous Addictive Materials which are materials/substances which, if entered into the human body, whether orally/drunk, inhaled, or injected, can change one’s thoughts, moods or feelings, and behavior. Drugs can cause physical and psychological dependence (addiction).
Types of Drugs
Drugs are divided into 3 types, namely Narcotics, Psychotropics and other addictive substances. An explanation of the types of drugs is as follows:
Narcotics are substances or drugs derived from plants or non-plants, both synthetic and semi-synthetic, which can cause a decrease or change in consciousness, loss of pain and can lead to dependence (Law No. 22 of 1997). Narcotics are classified into 3 groups, namely :
Narcotics class I are the most dangerous narcotics. The addictive power is very high. This class is used for research and science. Examples: marijuana, heroin, cocaine, morphine, and opium. Narcotics class II are narcotics that have strong addictive power, but are useful for treatment and research. Examples: pethidine, benzetidine, and betamethadol.
Narcotics class III are narcotics which have mild addictive power, but are useful for treatment and research. Example: codeine and its derivatives.
Psychotropics are substances or drugs, both natural and synthetic, which are not narcotics, which have psychoactive properties through a selective effect on the central nervous system which causes changes in mental activity and behavior (Law No. 5/1997). Psychotropics are further classified into 4 groups, namely:
Class I psychotropics are those with very strong addictive power, their benefits for treatment are not yet known and their efficacy is being studied. Examples: MDMA, LSD, STP, and ecstasy. Class II psychotropics are psychotropics with strong addictive power and are useful for treatment and research. Examples: amphetamine, methamphetamine, and metqualone.
Class III psychotropics are psychotropics with moderate addiction power and are useful for treatment and research. Examples: lumibal, buprenorsina, and fleenitrazepam. Class IV psychotropics are psychotropics that have mild addictive power and are useful for treatment and research. Example: nitrazepam (BK, mogadon, dumolid) and diazepam.
3. ADDICTIVE MATERIALS
Other dangerous addictive substances are natural, semi-synthetic or synthetic substances which can be used as substitutes for morphine or cocaine which can interfere with the central nervous system,
This drug has the following effects:
1. Disorders of the nervous system (neurological) such as: convulsions, hallucinations, impaired consciousness, peripheral nerve damage
2. Disorders of the heart and blood vessels (cardiovascular) such as: acute infection of the heart muscle, circulatory disorders
3. Disorders of the skin (dermatological) such as: abscesses (abscesses), allergies, eczema
4. Disorders of the lungs (pulmonary) such as: suppression of respiratory function, difficulty breathing, hardening of the lung tissue
5. Frequent headaches, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, increased body temperature, discouragement and difficulty sleeping
6. Impacts on reproductive health are endocrine disorders, such as: decreased function of reproductive hormones (estrogen, progesterone, testosterone), as well as sexual dysfunction
7. The impact on reproductive health in female adolescents includes changes in menstrual periods, menstrual irregularities, and amenorrhea (no menstruation).
8. For drug users through injecting needles, especially sharing needles, the risk is contracting diseases such as hepatitis B, C, and HIV, for which there is currently no cure.
9. Drug abuse can be fatal when there is an Over Dose, namely drug consumption exceeds the body’s ability to accept it. Over dose can cause death
Do not ever try the name of DRUGS, even if only a little but it will have a bad effect on yourself and those around us.